Women, Peace and Security
From the Statement of National Policy, United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security
“As directed by the Executive Order signed by President Obama entitled Instituting a National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security, this Plan describes the course the United States Government will take to accelerate, institutionalize, and better coordinate our efforts to advance women’s inclusion in peace negotiations, peacebuilding activities, and conflict prevention; to protect women from sexual and gender-based violence; and to ensure equal access to relief and recovery assistance, in areas of conflict and insecurity.”
Resolution 1352 and National Action Plans
U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000)
Executive Order “Instituting a National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security” (2011).
United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security (2011)
National Action Plans for Security Council Resolution 1325
Asia Foundation Women’s Empowerment Program
The Women’s Empowerment Program develops women’s leadership, strengthens women’s organizations, increases women’s rights and ensures their personal security, and creates new political and economic opportunities for women across the Asia-Pacific region.
2012 International Day for Disaster Reduction
The theme of the 2012 International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) is “Women and Girls – the [in]Visible Force of Resilience”.
Side by Side–Women, Peace and Stability’
Jointly developed by the Australian Government’s Australian Civil-Military Centre and UN Women, “Side by Side — Women, Peace and Security” explores how the international community has and can meet its commitments on women, peace and security. The 30-minute documentary features an introduction by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, as well as interviews with United Nations personnel, peacekeepers, mediators, humanitarian actors, policy makers and survivors of conflict.
Women and Girls on the Map
Women and Girls on the Map has been created by the Gender and Disaster Network, the Huairou Commission, Northumbria University (UK), OXFAM, and Plan International, with support from UNISDR. The interactive process allows visitors to the IDDR 2012 website to submit reports and news stories that are then highlighted on a map that shows the spread of activities by women and girls around the world. Each highlight is a popup that links directly to the featured item.
“Women, Peace and Security” – NATO
Representatives of the UN, EU, OSCE and many NGOs met at NATO headquarters in Brussels for a workshop on the lessons learned from implementing the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325. Adopted in October 2000, this resolution recognizes the disproportionate impact war and conflicts have on women and children. It calls for full and equal participation of women at all levels in issues ranging from early conflict prevention to post-conflict reconstruction, peace and security.
Documents, Reports, etc.
Concerns for Women Accessing Humanitarian Assistance in the Ivory Coast (2012).
Carvajal, Doreen. “A Female Approach to Peacekeeping.” New York Times, Mar 5, 2010. Available online at: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/06/world/africa/06iht-ffpeace.html?_r=1&emc=eta1
Gender and Cilmate Change
Video of interview with Mary Robinson UN High Comissioner for Human Rights
“Global Food Security: Eat Better? Let Women Do the Work…”, The Economist, Jul 11, 2012. Available online at: http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2012/07/global-food-security
Global Gender Gap Report and Index
Produced by the World Economic Forum. The Global Gender Gap Index introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time.
Gender Inequality Index from The Economist
Jackson, Richard and Neil Howe. “The Graying of the Great Powers: Demography and Geopolitics in the 21st Century.” Major findings of Report by the Center for Strategic and International Affairs Global Aging Initiative. May 2008. Available online at: http://www.csis.org/component/option,com_csis_pubs/task,view/id,4453/
NYU’s Center for Human Rights & Global Justice (2011). “Women and Preventing Violent Extremism: The U.S. and U.K. Experiences”.
Steinberg, Donald, “Protection and Participation: Women and Armed Conflict,” Speech delivered … (2008). Available online at: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/publication-type/speeches/2008/protection-and-participation-women-and-armed-conflict.aspx
Read especially the first introductory paragraphs and “The Cautionary Tale of Angola.”
Reconstruction: Lessons from Rwanda, East Timor, and Afghanistan (2003) Council on Foreign Relations.
The summary incorporates the perspectives and recommendations of Noeleen Heyzer, Executive Director at UNIFEM and Ambassador Donald Steinberg, Principal Deputy Director of Policy Planning for the Department of State. Report is available at the following website: http://www.cfr.org/afghanistan/role-women-peacebuilding-reconstruction-lessons-rwanda-east-timor-afghanistan/p5729
The Role of Women in Global Security (2011).
Roles of Women in Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Center for Strategic and International Studies 04/19/2012
Includes video, audio and transcripts of the event
Secretary Clinton Remarks on “Women, Peace, and Security” (2011).
http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2011/12/178967.htm and http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2011/12/179173.htm
Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific
World Development Report 2012
USAID. “Women & Conflict.” (2007).
Women, Peace and Security Handbook (2010)
The Whistleblower documentary site
Databases, Indexes, Information Sources
Asia Foundation Women’s Empowerment Resource Library
Asia Foundation focuses on expanding women’s economic opportunities, increasing personal rights and security and promoting women’s full participation in political and Public life. The Resource Library provides access to reports and publications focused women’s issues in the Asian region.
Funds for Peace Failed States Index 2011
Annual Failed States Index – which has been expanded to include 177 countries. Hundreds of thousands of articles from global and regional sources are collected using Thomson Dialog.
Failed States Index 2011 Interactive Grid
Utilizing our CAST software to do initial analysis of these voluminous documents and with a review by experts, we compiled the scores below. “We encourage others to utilize the Failed States Index to develop ideas for promoting greater stability worldwide.” “We hope the Index will spur conversations, encourage debate, and most of all help guide strategies for sustainable security.”
Security sector reform (SSR) opens a window of possibility to transform security policies, institutions and programmes, creating opportunities to integrate gender issues. The integration of gender issues is being recognised as a key to operational effectiveness, local ownership and strengthened oversight. Despite this recognition of the importance of integrating gender issues in SSR, there has been a lack of resources on the topic. This Toolkit is an initial response to the need for information and analysis on gender and SSR. It is designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with a practical introduction to why gender issues are important in SSR and what can be done to integrate them. Each SSR context is unique. As such, the strategies and recommendations provided in the Toolkit may not always be directly applicable, and should always be adapted to the local context. Produced by Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces ( DCAF ).HIC – UN OCHA Humanitarian Information Centres
Human Security Gateway
The Human Security Gateway is a rapidly expanding searchable online database of human security-related resources including reports, journal articles, news items and fact sheets. It is designed to make human security-related research more accessible to the policy and research communities, the media, educators and the interested public.
The Gateway is an initiative of the Human Security Report Project
miniAtlas of Human Security
Produced by the Human Security Report Project and the World Bank, this at-a-glance guide to global security issues provides a wealth of information on armed conflicts since 1946. It maps political violence, the links between poverty and conflict, assaults on human rights – including the use of child soldiers – and the causes of war and peace.
Minorities at Risk
The Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project is a university-based research project that monitors and analyzes the status and conflicts of politically-active communal groups in all countries with a current population of at least 500,000. The project is designed to provide information in a standardized format that aids comparative research and contributes to the understanding of conflicts involving relevant groups.
OECD in Figures (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)
OECD in Figures contains key data on OECD countries, ranging from economic growth and employment to energy, trade and migration.
Secretary’s Office of Global Women’s Issues
Under the leadership of Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues Melanne Verveer, the Secretary’s Office of Global Women’s Issues (S/GWI) seeks to ensure that women’s issues are fully integrated in the formulation and conduct of U.S. foreign policy. The Office of Global Women’s Issues works to promote stability, peace, and development by empowering women politically, socially, and economically around the world.”
In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. In doing so, UN Member States took an historic step in accelerating the Organization’s goals on gender equality and the empowerment of women. The creation of UN Women came about as part of the UN reform agenda, bringing together resources and mandates for greater impact. It merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system, which focused exclusively on gender equality and women’s empowerment.
World Economic Forum, http://www.weforum.org
See especially the annual competitiveness Report and Global Gender Gap Report.
Gender Related Organizations
- Akina Mama wa Afrika: Based in the U.K. with an Africa regional office in Kampala, Uganda, AMwA is an international non-governmental development organization for African women, which coordinates local, regional and international initiatives. AMwA builds African women’s leadership capacities to influence policy and decision making processes in their communities, by serving as a networking, information, advocacy and training forum. http://www.akinamamawaafrika.org
- Amnesty USA – Women’s Program: Based in the U.S., the Women’s Human Rights Program focuses on promoting women’s human rights within Amnesty’s mandate. It seeks to stop the particular violations of civil and political rights that women and girls experience. http://www.amnestyusa.org/women
- Amnesty International: Stop Violence Against Women Campaign: The international division of Amnesty International focuses on women’s rights through the lens of stopping gender violence. http://www.amnesty.org/en/campaigns/stop-violence-against-women
- Arab Women’s Solidarity Association: Based in the U.S., AWSA is an international organization that promotes Arab women’s active participation in social, economic, cultural, and political life. http://www.awsa.net
- Association for Women in Development: Based in Canada, AWID is an international membership organization that connects, informs and mobilizes people and organizations committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and human rights for everyone. http://www.awid.org
- B.a.B.e. Be Active, Be Emancipated (Budi aktivna, Budi emancipirana): B.a.B.e. is a strategic group located in Zagreb, Croatia, which works for the affirmation and implementation of women’s human rights. http://www.babe.hr
- Center for Reproductive Rights: Based in the U.S., the Center for Reproductive Rights is a non-profit legal advocacy organization dedicated to promoting and defending women’s reproductive rights worldwide. http://www.reproductiverights.org
- Center for Health and Gender Equity: Based in the U.S., CHANGE is a non-profit organization that works to advance a reproductive health and rights agenda within US international population and health policies and programs. http://www.genderhealth.org
- Center for Women’s Global Leadership: The Center for Women’s Global Leadership (CWGL) develops and facilitates women’s leadership for women’s human rights and social justice worldwide. http://www.cwgl.rutgers.edu/index.html
- Citizenship, Studies, Information and Action: CEPIA is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization dedicated to developing projects that promote human and citizenship rights especially among groups historically excluded from exercising their full citizenship in Brazil. http://www.cepia.org.br
- Creating Resources for Empowerment in Action: Based in India, CREA is an organization that aims at enhancing the capacities of a new generation of women leaders using a human rights approach. It works on issues of sexuality, reproductive health, violence against women, gender equity, economic justice and women’s rights. http://www.creaworld.org
- Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era: Based in Fiji, DAWN is a network of women scholars and activists from the economic South who engage in feminist research and analysis of the global environment and are committed to working for economic justice, gender justice and democracy. DAWN works globally and regionally. http://www.dawnnet.org
- EngenderHealth: Based in the U.S., EngenderHealth is a non-profit organization that has been working internationally for over 30 years to support and strengthen reproductive health services for women and men worldwide. http://www.engenderhealth.org
- Equality Now: Based in the U.S. with a regional office in Kenya, Equality Now is an international human rights organization dedicated to action for the civil, political, economic and social rights of girls and women. http://www.equalitynow.org
- Feminist Majority Foundation: Based in the U.S., the Feminist Majority Foundation engages in research and public education efforts aimed at advancing women’s empowerment and equality. http://www.feminist.org
- Feminist International Radio Endeavor: FIRE’s main mission is “giving voice to the voiceless.” Based in Costa Rica, its programs address diverse themes from a gender perspective. These include neo-liberal policies, women’s human rights, the environment, racism, disabilities, militarism, sexualities, education, arts and culture. (Spanish and English) http://www.fire.or.cr/indexeng.htm
- Global Fund for Women: Based in the U.S., GFW makes grants to seed, support, and strengthen women’s rights groups around the world. They envision a just and democratic world, where women and men can participate equally in all aspects of social, political, and economic life. http://www.globalfundforwomen.org
- Global Rights: Based in the U.S., Global Rights is a human rights advocacy group that partners with local activists to challenge injustice and amplify new voices within the global discourse. With offices in countries around the world, they help local activists create just societies through proven strategies for effecting change. In all of their programs, Global Rights emphasizes promoting women’s human rights and combating discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity or sexual orientation. http://www.globalrights.org
- Human Rights Internet: Based in Canada, HRI is a world leader in the exchange of information within the worldwide human rights community. A key objective of the organization is to support the work of the global non-governmental community in its struggle to obtain human rights for all. http://www.hri.ca/
- Human Rights Watch – Women’s Rights Division: The largest U.S.-based human rights organization, Human Rights Watch, is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world. http://www.hrw.org/women
- International Center for Research on Women: Based in the U.S., ICRW is dedicated to promoting social and economic development with women’s full participation. ICRW generates quality, empirical information and technical assistance on women’s productive and reproductive roles, their status in the family, their leadership in society, and their management of environmental resources. http://www.icrw.org
- International Council on Human Rights Policy: Based in Switzerland, ICHRP provides a forum for applied research, reflection and forward thinking on matters of international human rights policy. http://www.ichrp.org
- International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission: Based in the U.S., IGLHRC is a non-profit organization that seeks to secure the full enjoyment of the human rights of all people and communities subject to discrimination or abuse on the basis of sexual orientation or expression, gender identity or expression, and/or HIV status. http://www.iglhrc.org
- International Women’s Democracy Center: Based in the U.S., IWDC was established to strengthen women’s global leadership through training, education, networking and research in all facets of democracy with a particular focus on increasing the participation of women in policy, politics and decision-making. http://www.iwdc.org
- International Women’s Health Coalition: Based in the U.S., IWHC is a nonprofit organization that works to generate health and population policies, programs, and funding that promote and protect the rights and health of girls and women worldwide, particularly in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and countries in post-socialist transition. http://www.iwhc.org
- International Women’s Tribune Centre: Based in the U.S., IWTC is dedicated to achieving women’s full participation in shaping a development process that is just, peaceful and sustainable. For the last 25 years, IWTC has played an important role as a major information, education, communication, networking, technical assistance and training resource for women worldwide. http://www.iwtc.org
- International Women’s Human Rights Clinic: Based at the Georgetown University Law Center in the U.S., the general mission of IWHRC is to promote and advance women’s human rights throughout the world. http://www.law.georgetown.edu/clinics/iwhrc/
- International Women’s Rights Action Watch, Asia Pacific: Based in Malaysia, IWRAW is an organization that carries out collaborative projects to facilitate the monitoring and implementation of the CEDAW Convention regionally and globally. http://www.iwraw-ap.org
- Isis International: Based in the Philippines, Isis is dedicated to women’s information and communication needs. Documenting ideas and visions. Creating channels to communicate. Collecting and moving information. Networking and building links. With a focus on those advancing women’s rights, leadership and empowerment in Asia and the Pacific. http://www.isiswomen.org
- Just Associates: A global community of justice activists, scholars and popular educators in more than 30 countries worldwide, JASS works from a feminist perspective to transform norms, institutions, policies and decision-making processes in both public and private spaces of power. Their shared analysis and strategies are shaped by an intersectional perspective on power, integrating race, class, sexuality, location and other factors. http://www.justassociates.org
- MADRE: Based in the U.S., MADRE is an international women’s human rights organization that works in partnership with women’s community-based groups worldwide to address issues of health, economic development and other human rights. http://www.madre.org
- National Council for Research on Women: Based in the U.S., NCRW is a working alliance of 84 women’s research and policy centers, more than 3,000 affiliates and a network of over 200 international centers. NCRW’s mission is to enhance the connections among research, policy analysis, advocacy, and innovative programming on behalf of women and girls. http://www.ncrw.org
- Peacewomen: The PeaceWomen Project promotes the role of women in preventing conflict, and the equal and full participation of women in all efforts to create and maintain international peace and security. PeaceWomen facilitates monitoring of the UN system, information sharing and the enabling of meaningful dialogue for positive impact on women’s lives in conflict and post-conflict environments. http://www.peacewomen.org/
- People’s Movement for Human Rights Education: Based in the U.S., PDHRE is an international service organization that works directly and indirectly with its network of affiliates – primarily women’s and social justice organizations – to develop and advance pedagogies for human rights education relevant to people’s daily lives in the context of their struggles for social and economic justice and democracy. http://www.pdhre.org/index.html
- Sisterhood is Global Institute: Based in the U.S., SIGI is an international non-government, non-profit organization dedicated to the support and promotion of women’s rights at the local, national, regional, and global levels. With members in 70 countries, and a network of more than 1,300 individuals and organizations worldwide, SIGI works toward empowering women and developing leadership through human rights education. http://sigi.org
- United Nations Development Fund for Women: With headquarters in the U.S., UNIFEM promotes women’s empowerment and gender equality. It works to ensure the participation of women in all levels of development planning and practice, and acts as a catalyst within the United Nations system, supporting efforts that link the needs and concerns of women to all critical issues on the national, regional and global agendas. http://www.unifem.org
- Urgent Action Fund for Women’s Human Rights: With offices in the U.S. and Kenya, UAF is the only international fund designed to respond on short notice to the protection of women’s human rights globally. Urgent Action Fund and Urgent Action Fund-Africa operate Rapid Response Grantmaking programs and collaborative initiatives linking justice, peacebuilding, security and women’s human rights. http://www.urgentactionfund.org
- WILD for Human Rights: Based in the U.S., the Women’s Institute for Leadership Development promotes human rights through the conscious leadership and action of women and girls. With a vision of social and political change, they strive to improve the conditions of women and girls and their communities. WILD provides human rights education, engages in public advocacy, and collaborates on the adoption and implementation of international human rights standards in the United States. http://www.uc.edu/win/wild.html
- Women in International Security (CSIS): WIIS is an affiliated program of CSIS. Women In International Security (WIIS) is the only global network actively advancing women’s leadership, at all stages of their careers, in the international peace and security field. http://csis.org/program/wiis/
- Women in Law and Development in Africa: Based in Zimbabwe, WiLDAF is a pan African women’s rights network dedicated to promoting and strengthening strategies which link law and development to increase women’s participation and influence at the community, national and international levels. http://www.wildaf.org
- Women in Media and the News: Women In Media & News, a media analysis, education and advocacy group, works to increase women’s presence and power in the public debate. WIMN’s POWER Sources Project provides journalists with a diverse network of female experts. http://www.wimnonline.org/
- Women of Color Resource Center: WCRC promotes the political, economic, social and cultural well being of women and girls of color in the United States. Informed by a social justice perspective that takes into account the status of women internationally, WCRC is committed to organizing and educating women of color across lines of race, ethnicity, religion, nationality, class, sexual orientation, physical ability and age. http://www.coloredgirls.org
- Women Against Violence Europe: Based in Austria, WAVE is a network of European women’s non-governmental organizations working in the field of combating violence against women and children (women’s refuges, counseling centres, SOS hotlines/helplines, organizations focusing on prevention and training, etc.). http://www.wave-network.org
- WOMANKIND Worldwide: WOMANKIND Worldwide is the only UK development agency that has at its heart support for women’s economic, social and political equality. http://www.womankind.org.uk
- Women Living Under Muslim Laws: Based in the U.K., with coordination offices for Africa and Asia & the Middle East, WLUML is a network of women whose lives are shaped, conditioned or governed by laws, both written and unwritten, drawn from interpretations of the Koran tied up with local traditions. http://wluml.org
- Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice: Based in the Hague, the Netherlands, Women’s Initiatives is an international women’s human rights organization advocating for gender-inclusive justice and working towards an effective and independent International Criminal Court (ICC). http://www.iccwomen.org
- Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children: Based in the U.S., the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children works to improve the lives and defend the rights of refugee and internally displaced women, children and adolescents. http://www.womenscommission.org
- Women’s Environment and Development Organization: Based in the U.S., WEDO is an international advocacy network actively working to transform society to achieve a healthy and peaceful planet, with social, political, economic and environmental justice for all through the empowerment of women, in all their diversity, and their equal participation with men in decision-making from grassroots to global arenas. http://www.wedo.org
- Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom: Based in the U.S., WILPF works to create an environment of political, economic, social and psychological freedom for all members of the human community, so that true peace can be enjoyed by all. http://www.wilpf.org
- Women’s Learning Partnership: Based in the U.S., WLP is an international, non-governmental organization working to empower women and girls in the Global South to re-imagine and re-structure their roles in their families, communities, and societies. WLP seeks to achieve this goal through leadership training, capacity building, and helping women generate as well as receive information and knowledge. WLP aims to advance communication and cooperation among and between the women of the world in order to protect human rights, facilitate sustainable development, and promote peace. http://www.learningpartnership.org
- WomenWatch: The United Nations Internet Gateway on the Advancement and Empowerment of Women. WomenWatch is a joint initiative of the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW). http://www.un.org/womenwatch
- Women Without Borders: The activities of Women without Borders spotlight the courage and dedication of leading female supporters of civil society and work to bridge the gap between cultures. Through global dialogue, targeted information, and the development of model projects with international partner organizations, Women without Borders empowers women to achieve positive change. http://www.women-without-borders.org/home/
- Women for Women International: Women for Women International provides women survivors of war, civil strife and other conflicts with the tools and resources to move from crisis and poverty to stability and self-sufficiency, thereby promoting viable civil societies. We’re changing the world one woman at a time. http://www.womenforwomen.org/