Infectious Diseases

Internet Resources:
Including links and documents relating to important infections diseases, policies, regulations and involved organizations. Topics include, H1Ni, SARS, Avian Flu, PHEIC, Pandemic diseases, etc.

Infectious Diseases – Maps

HealthMap: Global Disease Alert Map
HealthMap utilizes online resources such as online news aggregators, eyewitness reports, expert-curated discussions and validated official reports for disease outbreak monitoring and real-time surveillance of emerging public health threats. Data is provided in 9 languages including Russian and Chinese.

Pandemic Preparedness Capacity Map
The Disaster Preparedness Capacity Map identifies by country the diverse range of current NGO capacities that indicate the level of community preparedness or that could potentially be leveraged in a disaster. It identifies those capacities already on the ground as an indicator of the level of preparedness of communities as well as response capacities of NGOs – including health programs, disaster preparedness programs, food security programs, community outreach and media programs.

Infectious Diseases – Resources
The mission of AIDS.ORG is to help prevent HIV infections and to improve the lives of those affected by HIV and AIDS by providing education and facilitating the free and open exchange of knowledge at an easy-to-find centralized website.

Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch (Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System)
The website for the AFHSB, the central epidemiologic resource for the U.S. Armed Forces. AFHSB conducts medical surveillance to protect military personnel and allies who are critical to U.S. national security interests. AFHSB coordinates and centralizes these efforts through their Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System.

CDC is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention agency’s primary online communication channel. Check this site for fact sheets and prevention tips for an extensive list of current diseases.

The U.S. Federal Drug Administration protects the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness, quality, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products, and medical devices. provides comprehensive government-wide information on seasonal, H1N1 (swine), H5N1 (bird) and pandemic influenza for the general public, health and emergency preparedness professionals, policy makers, government and business leaders, school systems, and local communities.

Global Health Council
GHC supports, connects, and convenes implementers/stakeholders around global health priorities worldwide and actively engages key decision makers to influence health policy.

HIV InSite
Comprehensive, up-to-date information on HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention, and policy from the University of California San Francisco.

Homeland Security Digital Library
The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) is a collection of documents related to homeland security policy, strategy, and organizational management. Search the terms “pandemic”, “communicable diseases” or the name of the disease to find planning and other strategic documents.

International Health Regulations (2005)
The International Health Regulations (IHR) are an international legal instrument that is binding on 194 countries across the globe, including all the Member States of WHO. Their aim is to help the international community prevent and respond to acute public health risks that have the potential to cross borders and threaten people worldwide.

International Health Regulations (World Health Organization)
Key documents, news and highlights. Since 15 June 2007, the world has been implementing the International Health Regulations (2005). This legally-binding agreement significantly contributes to global public health security by providing a new framework for the coordination of the management of events that may constitute a public health emergency of international concern, and will improve the capacity of all countries to detect, assess, notify and respond to public health threats.

International Health Regulations E-library (World Health Organization)
The E-library for the International Health Regulations provides access to publications and guidelines that may be useful to countries for the development and management of their National Action Plans to fulfill the core capacity requirements listed in IHR Annex 1. Many of the documents are available in several languages.

International Health Regulations (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services)
Documents and links regarding IHR regulations and International Preparedness in the U.S. The IHR Program focuses its activities in three key areas: a)Review, assessment, and notification of potential PHEICs; b)Domestic implementation and compliance; and c)Providing technical assistance to other countries;

International Health Regulations (2005): Survelliance and Response in an Era of Globalization.
Julie E. Fischer, Rebecca Katz. The Stimpson Center (2011)
“This white paper outlines the context for revisiting the IHR, describes the building blocks for global disease detection and response capabilities and discusses the implications of the revised IHR for the United States as domestic obligation and a platform for global health engagement. The purpose of this paper is to provide a basic framework for understanding the background and status of the regulations. This includes a brief overview of the international public health cooperation, as well as the practical and political challenges to forging a truly global network for public health surveillance and response today.”

The National Institutes of Health’s Web site for the general public provides reliable, up-to-date health information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues.

 Medscape: Infectious Diseases Articles
Medscape provides original, professional medical content, including review articles, journal commentary, expert columns, patient education articles, and book reviews on the topic of infectious diseases:

National Academies Press
The NAP publishes the reports of the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, providing authoritative information on topics in this area. NAP publishes a number of books on communicable diseases and provides free access to the electronic versions. Check the topic, “Health and Medicine” and then the subtopic, “Infectious Diseases” for resources in this area.

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases
NFID is a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public and healthcare professionals about the causes, prevention, and treatment of infectious diseases across the lifespan.

National Institutes of Health
A part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, NIH is the nation’s medical research agency and the largest biomedical research agency in the world. NIH’s mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce illness and disability.

Naval History and Heritage Command
Influenza of 1918 (Spanish Flu) and the U.S. Navy
The history of the Navy’s role in the Spanish Flu of 1918, which killed over 50 million people.

SARS Reference
A 2003 medical textbook that provides an overview of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID)
USAMRIID spearheads research to develop medical solutions—vaccines, drugs, diagnostics, and information—to protect U.S. military service members from biological threats.  Specialized capabilities include Biosafety Level 3 and Level 4 laboratories, world-class expertise in the generation of biological aerosols for testing candidate vaccines and therapeutics, and fully accredited animal research facilities.

U.S. Global Health Policy
Kaiser Foundation’s gateway for the latest news, data and information on the U.S. role in global health.

World Health Organization : Infectious Diseases

WHO definition for “Public Health Emergency of International Concern”  (2006)
Defining PHEIC
1) Countries should make use of the definition of PHEIC in Annex 2 of the IHR (2005), and interpret it within the framework of their routine surveillance systems, and in the context of their own background epidemiology and pathogenesis as well as emerging information on new infectious diseases or outbreaks from the international context. The formal process of defining and prioritising threats will provide guidance as to how they need to monitor health events. They may choose to record specified disease events, but should not be restricted to static list of infectious diseases, but incorporating flexibility to record syndromes and to identify new and emerging conditions. Countries should be encouraged and supported to regularly undertake review of the definitions of the items and procedures for the monitoring of health events and defining potential PHEIC. Countries could also benefit from some regular exercises in the use of the tool to define potential PHEIC. Countries are encouraged to discuss an event with WHO as part of the process of notifying it as a potential PHEIC.


The Doomsday Flu.
Ned Judge. Largo, MD : CNN, c2001. 1 videodisc (approx. 50 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
This DVD shows the effects of the worst epidemic in American history, the influenza of 1918.
RCA644 .I6 D6 1998

Guns, Germs, and Steel.
[United States] : National Geographic, [2005]. 2 videodiscs (165 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
An epic detective story that offers a gripping expose on why the world is so unequal. Why did Eurasians conquer, displace, or decimate Native Americans, Australians, and Africans, instead of the reverse? Diamond dismantles racially based theories of human history by revealing the environmental factors actually responsible for history’s broadest patterns.
HM206 .G86 2005

Influenza 1918.
[Washington, D.C.] : PBS Home Video, c1998, 2005. 1 videocassette (60 min.) : sd., col. with b&w sequences; 1/2 in. ; 1 videodisc (ca. 60 min.) : sd., col. & b&w; 4 3/4 in.
In September 1918, soldiers stationed near Boston suddenly began to die. Doctors found the victims’ lungs filled with a strange blue fluid. They identified the cause as influenza, but it was unlike any strain ever seen, and medical science proved powerless against it. In desperation, people turned to folk remedies, while frantic officials closed all public places and everyone was required to wear masks. But the virus was unstoppable, relentless, devastatingly lethal. By the time the epidemic ran its course, over 600,000 people were dead, more than all U.S. combat deaths of the 20th century.
RC150.4 .A2 I54 2005

Killer Flu.
[Alexandria, Va.] : Educational Broadcasting Co. : Distributed by PBS Home Video, c2003. 1 videocassette (ca. 57 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in. ; 1 videodisc (ca. 60 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
The video discusses the 1918 flu pandemic, its deadly consequences, and the possibility that a similar strain could occur today.
RC150.4 .K55 2003

The Next Plague: Avian Flu.
[New York] : History Channel/A & E Television Networks : Distributed in the U.S. by New Video, c2005. 1 videodisc (ca. 50 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
The Center for Disease Control and the World Health Organization say that we are long overdue for a deadly epidemic, and it isn’t a question of if but when. Here in the US the questions are already being asked. Are we ready? How can we prevent it? What will be the cost in lives? What measures are pharmaceutical companies taking to develop vaccines and a possible antidote. Examines the potential effects a large-scale epidemic would have on the United States and the rest of the world. If a nationwide quarantine is put into effect, who will enforce it–the National Guard? Also examines new evidence that the Great Epidemic of 1918 may have been an Avian Flu.
RA644 .N49 2005

Outbreak! The New Plagues.
[New York] : History Channel/A & E Television Networks : Distributed in the U.S. by New Video, c2002.  1 videodisc (ca. 50 min.) : sd., col. and b&w; 4 3/4 in.
Examines the major epidemics of the 20th century, focusing on the flu epidemic of 1918, the polio epidemic, and AIDS.
RA653 .O97 2002

RX for Survival : A Global Health Challenge.
[Boston, MA] : WGBH Boston Video, c2005. 3 videodiscs (336 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
Examines the most critical health threats facing the world today by portraying conditions in over twenty countries, examining why diseases that are curable still persist, the efforts to treat them, and the dangers of new “superbugs.”
RA441 .R9 2005

Smallpox: Deadly Again?
A&E Television Network, c2001. 1 videodisc (50 min.) : sd., col.  ; 4 3/4 in.
Since 1977 smallpox has existed only in laboratory vials. This video examines the history of this disease and the current controversy over the planned destruction of the remaining virus specimens. Because immunization stopped nearly twenty years ago, the entire human population is vulnerable to the disease, yet some argue that the final step to destroy it should not be taken. Those who argue for its destruction fear that, if it is not eliminated, it could re-emerge as the deadliest of all biological weapons.
RA644 .S6 2000 (DVD)

Surviving Ebola
[Place, publisher, and date of publication not identified] 1 videodisc (60 min.) : sound, color ; 4 3/4 in.
As the Ebola epidemic threatens to spiral out of control, NOVA reports from the hot zone, where courageous medical teams struggle to cope with a flood of victims, to labs where scientists are racing to test vaccines and find a cure. Surviving Ebola includes chilling firsthand interviews of what it’s like to catch and survive this terrible affliction.
RC140.5 .S87 2014