Maritime Security and Law

This section contains resources related to issues of maritime security including piracy. It provides internet links and information on selected organizations and documents, as well as APCSS Library books and audiovisual material.

Click here for the section related to   Law of the Sea and other maritime legal matters


Cargo Security International
Cargo Security International keeps you up-to-date with the latest industry trends, technical advances, legislative changes and new security products and services, and is now read by thousands of transport, cargo and security professionals, governments, legislators and military experts.

Combined Maritime Forces
Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) is a multi-national naval partnership, which exists to promote security, stability and prosperity across approximately 2.5 million square miles of international waters, which encompass some of the world’s most important shipping lanes. CMF’s main focus areas are defeating terrorism, preventing piracy, encouraging regional cooperation, and promoting a safe maritime environment. CMF counters violent extremism and terrorist networks in maritime areas of responsibility; works with regional and other partners to improve overall security and stability; helps strengthen regional nations’ maritime capabilities and, when requested, responds to environmental and humanitarian crises.

Combined Task Force (CTF) 151
CTF 151 is a multinational task force established in January 2009 to conduct counterpiracy operations under a mission-based mandate throughout the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) area of responsibility to actively deter, disrupt and suppress piracy in order to protect global maritime security and secure freedom of navigation for the benefit of all nations.

International Maritime Bureau Piracy Reporting Centre
The main objective of the PRC is to be the first point of contact for the shipmaster to report an actual or attempted attack or even suspicious movements thus initiating the process of response.

International Maritime Organization (IMO) 
The International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent marine pollution from ships.

National Center for Maritime and Port Security (NCMPS)
SRI leads the National Center for Maritime and Port Security (NCMPS), which brings together national experts on detecting, preventing, responding to and recovering from terrorist events in the maritime domain. It provides a highly capable, collaborative institution for counterterrorism and preparedness.

ONI WorldWide Threat to Shipping
 National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Maritime Safety Information/Office of Naval Intelligence
Reports by date of maritime warnings.  

Piracy Studies
Piracy Studies is a page that intends to make academic research on piracy available to a wider audience. While new academic research results feature high, we also invite comments on recent news. The page was moreover created to facilitate collaboration among researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds interested in piracy. The page is operated by a team of researchers that started to work on piracy in 2009 at the Institute for Development and Peace, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany. The site is currently edited by Christian Bueger (Institute for Development and Peace).

Regional Maritime Security Initiative
The goal of RMSI is to develop a partnership of willing regional nations with varying capabilities and capacities to identify, monitor, and intercept transnational maritime threats under existing international and domestic laws.

Threats to Oil Transport
Institute for the Analysis of Global Security
Overview and links to articles of interest

World Oil Transit Chokepoints
Location, volume of oil and major security concerns

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Documents, Publications and Resources

Bloomberg News – South China SeaLatest news, photos and videos relating to critical issues in the South China Sea

Best Management Practices to Deter Piracy in the Gulf of Aden and off the Coast of Somalia.
“This document has been developed by ICS/ISF and other shipping industry organisations, in cooperation with military navies, and provides Best Management Practices (BMPs) to assist companies and ships avoid becoming victims of piracy in the Gulf of Aden, off the Coast of Somalia and in the Western Indian Ocean. It offers specific, practical advice for companies in order to avoid, deter, or delay pirate attacks, and it is strongly supported by a broad coalition of industry and intergovernmental organisations.” International Chamber of Shipping April, 2011.

Oceans Beyond Piracy Library
Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP) is a project of the One Earth Future Foundation, a privately funded and independent non-profit organization located in Colorado, USA. OBP was launched in 2010 with the intent to develop a response to maritime piracy through: Mobilizing stakeholders from the maritime community. Developing public-private partnerships to promote long-term solutions at sea and ashore. Sustainable deterrence based on the rule of law. The Library provides online access to relevant International Law documents, external reports relating to maritime piracy and links to other web based resources.

Marisec Piracy Reports.
Marisec : Maritime International Secretariat Services Limited.
Reports on status and impacts of maritime piracy.

Maritime Commerce and Security: The Indian Ocean
Amit A. Pandya and Rupert Herbert-Burns with Junko Kobayashi. The Henry L. Stimson Center. 2011.
The current volume offers those outside the business, particularly strategic analysts, security policymakers and students of the politics of the region, a description and analysis of those commercial developments and trends in the world of shipping and ports that bear upon their work. The goal is to provide the general reader, interested in the diplomatic, economic, development, or cultural dimensions of this part of the world, with a description and analysis of those aspects of maritime business which should be better understood by all.

 Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia ISC
The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) is the first regional government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery in Asia. To date, 17 States have become Contracting Parties to ReCAAP. The ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre (ISC) was established under the ReCAAP Agreement. The roles of ReCAAP ISC include exchanging information among Contracting Parties on incidents of piracy and armed robbery, supports capacity building efforts of Contracting Parties, and for cooperative arrangements.

Revitalizing the Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower. Charles C. Moore II. Parameters, Summer 2011.
The 2007 Cooperative Strategy serves a purpose as the Navy’s strategic base document, but it needs further development in four key areas in order to better guide naval acquisition decisions in an increasingly austere budgetary environment. First, the Cooperative Strategy needs to fully address the means (fleet requirements) necessary to connect the strategy’s ways and ends. Second, it must better define potential maritime threats. Third, it needs to be completely aligned with the National Security Strategy. Fourth, it should outline a strategy for maximizing cooperative maritime capabilities with our partner nations. The Cooperative Strategy asserts that the US Navy will dominate in all forms of maritime warfare, but it does not prioritize capabilities or competencies in a way that informs lawmakers and the public about the future fleet.

Military Power of the People’s Republic of ChinaDoD ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS 2010

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 Audiovisual Materials

 Return of the Pirates.
 New York : A&E Home Video : History Channel : Distributed by New Video Group, 2006. 1 videodisc (100 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
Over 90% of international trade travels by water and a new generation of criminals is blending terror tactics with time-tested methods to threaten this economic lifeline. Nations and corporations are racing to protect themselves and their goods, and though the pirates are still ahead, new international response units and mercenary ships are combating the attacks. The U.S. Coast Guard trains navies worldwide in anti-piracy measures, but corrupt law enforcement officials mar advances in their effectiveness. Today’s pirate is organized, political, and will command world attention once again .
 HV6441 .R48 2006

Law of the Sea and Other Maritime Legal Matters

This section f ocuses on the current issues and controversies related to the Law of the Sea.

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Organizations and Documents

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea Decisions.
This database contains decisions of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea Decisions since 1997.   Not updated since 2010.
Available at:

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS).
Website of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea; contains documentation of the decisions concerning the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.
Available at:  

United Nations Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea. 
Provides links to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and UN related Law of the Sea resources.