21 - 2020

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Right-Wing Terrorism: An Interview with Retired FBI Special Agent Tom O’Connor

By |2020-06-03T12:29:54-10:00June 3rd, 2020|

After more than 20 years investigating terrorism for the FBI, Special Agent Tom O’Connor and his wife, Jean, retired on September 11th, 2019 in honor of the victims of 9/11 and those who tragically lost their lives due to 9/11-related illnesses. As a member of the Evidence Response Team (ERT), SA O’Connor worked some of the most significant terrorism cases in modern history, to include the bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya in 1998, the attack on the USS COLE in Yemen in 2000 and the plane strike on the Pentagon on September 11th, 2001. He also worked [...]

The Nexus Between the COVID-19 Pandemic, International Relations, and International Security

By |2020-05-26T15:46:02-10:00May 26th, 2020|

Excerpt: The extent to which other related global relationships, national entities, and supranational organizations have performed in the current case will only be clear in retrospect: it will quite possibly emerge that a combination of right- and left-wing polices – cherry-picking elements of travel and visa restrictions, greater health security and diplomacy investments, and other defensive and protective policy aspects from the two highly divergent sets of agendas -- will be the guiding paradigm for the decades to come. Despite the mutual antipathy between contemporary political perspectives in the United States, there are elements of each agendas -- what has [...]

Five Coronavirus Success Stories: Different, But the Same

By |2020-06-01T16:16:48-10:00May 20th, 2020|

In this paper, Dr. Virginia Bacay Watson highlights the steps taken by five countries to minimize the spreading of COVID-19 through a common thread of effective preparation, quick actions and effective, trusted leadership, despite different approaches. Excerpt: All told, the quick, early, and decisive actions of the governments of Germany, New Zealand, South Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam enabled them to manage the coronavirus spread. A legacy of a robust health-care infrastructure provided a point of departure for assessing additional requirements and priorities in both Germany and Taiwan. A legacy of experience and lessons learned with the MERS and/or SARS epidemics [...]

Resumption of Work After the COVID-19 Lockdown Period and an Approach to Attaining Herd Immunity While Suppressing the EPI Curve – in the Philippines

By |2020-05-18T12:43:39-10:00May 18th, 2020|

Noel Miranda details the steps taken in the Philippines to decrease the EPI-Curve, while implementing a strategy to obtain herd immunity, and urges decision-makers to implement the use of the identified pharmaceutical/biological approaches to COVID-19. Excerpt: The duration of this COVID-19 epidemic could last up to 2022. This means we should be constantly suppressing and flattening the curve for that entire duration.  Hopefully, we would have better preventive and curative approaches that can modulate COVID-19 disease or enable herd immunity to be achieved sooner.  This would reduce risk of severe disease and deaths, or eradicate the disease. View/Download Document [...]

Oceania’s Potential Role in Space Governance Development?

By |2020-05-13T10:17:21-10:00May 13th, 2020|

In this paper, Dr. Alfred Oehlers focuses on the potential of Oceania playing a more vital role in the future of space governance. Excerpt: It may seem incongruous to speak of space and Oceania together. Somehow, the juxtaposition of high-tech space missions against a commonly held vision of relaxed, sunny, palm-fringed beaches, just seems odd. Yet, in these unusual times we live in, the connection may be more important than we realize. At a time of heightened geopolitical competition across multiple domains, Oceania can assume a very helpful role assisting the United States and like-minded nations in a strategic contest [...]

2019-NCOV Political Framing and Blame-Gaming

By |2020-05-13T09:59:54-10:00May 13th, 2020|

In this paper, Dr. Srini Sitaraman demonstrates how the mechanisms of political interference have historically resulted in disastrous outcomes in battling pandemics, and highlights this repeating pattern with COVID-19. Excerpt: According to an American intelligence assessment, the conclusion that 2019-nCoV is “not manmade or genetically modified” is the current official position. However, intelligence officials continue to explore “whether the outbreak began through contact with infected animals or if it was the result of an accident at a laboratory in Wuhan.” Several governments have called for independent inquiries into the origins of 2019-nCoV and publicly issued calls for re-examining economic and [...]

COVID-19 Healthcare Workers: 70% are Women

By |2020-05-13T09:52:45-10:00May 13th, 2020|

In this paper, Dr. Inez Miyamoto highlights the need for research to understand the challenges healthcare workers face from a gendered perspective to better respond to pandemics. Excerpt: “Healthcare workers are suffering from elevated stress levels not only from exhaustion and loss of life, but from also having to make painful, ethical decisions on patient care in an environment of constant shortages. In a study of healthcare workers in China, more women experienced more severe symptoms of depression, anxiety, and distrust than did men." View/Download Document

Ships Become Dangerous Places During a Pandemic

By |2020-05-05T13:31:19-10:00May 5th, 2020|

In this paper, Wade Turvold and Jim McMullin illustrate the difficulties of life aboard ocean-going vessels and cite historic cases of how onboard ventilation systems and close-quarters living conditions have contributed to the spread of contagious diseases, including COVID-19. Excerpt: “Due to their unique features, ships become particularly dangerous places during times of pandemic. The outbreaks in the USS Leviathan and the MV Diamond Princess both point to the same lesson. Ships with their characteristically crowded conditions, small spaces, and poor ventilation increase the transmission rate of breath-borne respiratory illnesses. “ View/Download Document

The Coronavirus and its Likely Impact on North Korea

By |2020-05-01T16:38:56-10:00May 1st, 2020|

In this paper, Dr. Cho explains how the COVID-19 is likely to impact North Korea's domestic politics and foreign policy behavior by examining the official statements, and foreign policies of North Korea observed in 2020. Excerpt: “I argue that there is a higher likelihood of the coronavirus outbreak in North Korea than otherwise. The epidemic does not seem to pose an immediate threat to Kim Jong-un in the short term. Still, he is most likely to be concerned about the outbreak's secondary effects on the economy and regime legitimacy in the medium term.” View/Download Document

How to Improve Security Outcomes During a Pandemic? Start with a Gender Lens

By |2020-04-27T09:42:14-10:00April 27th, 2020|

In this paper, Sharon Gouveia Feist and Monica S. Herrera state that “Here in Hawai‘i, in response to increased multi-island reporting that landlords are pressuring women for sex in exchange for rent, the State Commission on the Status of Women published guidance and resources for women being exploited by their landlords during this COVID-19 crisis. Every day, physical security is threatened as a direct result of this pandemic. This is addition to other security concerns women uniquely face, such as, economic insecurity as the lower paid workers; family and household insecurity as primary caregivers for the elderly, sick, and out [...]